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Pruning Roses       Bookmark and Share

Pruning roses does not have to be a daunting task for any grower. When roses are healthy with their culture, they are very forgiving about pruning.

Reasons to Prune Roses
events & seminars Make the shrub more vigorous
events & seminars Promote profuse blooming
events & seminars Discourage diseases
events & seminars Shape shrub as needed

Proper Tools
events & seminars Pruning shears, preferably a sharp bypass pruner
events & seminars Gloves
events & seminars Wax-based pruning sealer or white glue; do not use asphalt sealer

Pruning Techniques
events & seminars Dormant pruning is conducted in the early spring, usually in April.
events & seminars Summer pruning is conducted when the rose is actively growing.

Pruning Process
1. All pruning cuts should be made about 1/4 inch above an outward facing bud.
2. Make the cut on a slant away from the bud rather than straight across.
3. Seal each cut on the cane with a pruning sealer.

Tips for Dormant Pruning
Hybrid Roses
1. Once roses are uncovered in the spring, remove all dead or damaged canes.
2. Remove all canes thinner than a pencil.
3. Remove any canes that crowd the center of the rose.
Hardy Roses
1. Depending on the severity of the winter, prune all dead or damaged canes.
2. Older, less productive canes growing in the heart of the bush can be completely removed.
3. Cut the remaining canes back by about 1/3 their length.
4. Many hardy roses are grown on their own roots and those will come back even if killed to the ground.
Climbing Roses
1. Only remove damaged wood from the healthy canes.
2. Remove older, less productive canes at their base.

Tips for Summer Pruning
Hybrid Roses
events & seminars Remove the spent flowers to encourage the plant.
events & seminars Count down 3 or more leaf sets from the bloom and prune just above the leaf set; prune through mid-August.
events & seminars Cut any suckers that are growing below the graft flush to the root.
events & seminars Discontinue summer pruning mid-August.
Hardy Roses
events & seminars Remove the spent flowers to encourage the plant.
events & seminars Count down 2 or more leaf sets from the bloom and prune just above the leaf set; prune through mid-August.
events & seminars Discontinue summer pruning mid-August.
Climbing Roses
events & seminars Removing the spent flowers will encourage the plant.
events & seminars After their first bloom (if they are repeat bloomers) cut all side branches (laterals) back to 2 or 3 buds.
events & seminars Discontinue summer pruning mid-August.

Related Bachman's Information

events & seminars
Winterizing Hybrid Roses
events & seminars
Rose Problems


Bachman's Floral, Gift & Garden Centers
Your local garden expert since 1885.
bachmans.com | ©Bachman's 2012

Select source information provided by the University of Minnesota Extension, www.extension.umn.edu.

Last Updated: April 2012

 

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